Jan 23, 2015

Cyril George BARTRAM [1889 - 1947]

Cyril George BARTRAM
born 14 August 1889 at 5 Hull Street in
Richmond, Victoria, Australia.

his parents were:

George Andrew BARTRAM
Isabella SHANDS

Cyril had three sisters and four brothers
one brother, Percy William Henry BARTRAM 
died in 1879 as an infant.

the other three brothers were all KIA during WW1

Reginald Percy BARTRAM [1880 - 1917]
Raymond Everard BARTRAM [1893 - 1917]
Arnold Roy BARTRAM [1895 - 1917]

Cyril's sisters were:

Evelyn Constance BARTRAM [1883 - 1940]
Ethel Murial BARTRAM [1891 - 1955]
Clarice Edna BARTRAM [1896 - 1943]

in 1916 - prior to his enlistment - Cyril married 
Eliza MacGregor MURRAY

on the 31st March 1916
Cyril George BARTRAM 
applied to enlist in the AIF.
he was aged 26 years and 7 months at the time and
was residing at 'Inverness' in Gillies Street, Fairfield.

He was not accepted until 1st May 1916

Cyril was given the service number of 2126 and was allocated to the 58th Battalion.

He declared that he had never been convicted by the Civil Power, nor had he ever been rejected as unfit for His Majesty's Service. 

Cyril was 5' 9 1/2" tall, weighed 140 lbs, had chest measurements of 34 - 37", his complexion was fresh, eyes were blue and he had brown hair.   His religion was Congregational.   He had vaccination marks, 4 on his left arm, 1 on his right.   He had moles on his left cheek.   He was considered fit for active service on 31 Mar 1916 but there is a handwritten annotation "Dental Treatment" on his Medical Examination.   (Perhaps dental treatment was required before he was accepted?)

Two months later - 1st August 1916 - Cyril embarked from Melbourne aboard the HMAT Orsova with the 4th Reinforcements alongside his brother - Arnold Roy BARTRAM - also in the 58th Battalion.


by the time the Orsova reached Plymouth in the September, Cyril was ill with influenza and was immediately transferred to the Military Hospital,
Devonport, England on 14 Sep 1916, "Sick (slight)" and transferred to 3 Auxiliary Hospital on 28 Nov 1916.  He was discharged from 3rd Auxiliary Hospital, Dartford, Weymouth on 13 Dec 1916.

By the 25th January 1917 Cyril was admitted to the Fargo Hospital in Salisbury. He was dangerously ill with post-cerebro meningitis.

Cyril George Bartram returned to Australia embarking England on 27 Jul 1917  on board HMAT A64 "Demosthenes" and disembarked, Melbourne, on 24 Sep 1917 suffering Spinal Meningitis.  He was discharged at Melbourne on 26 Oct 1917.

Cyril was awarded the British War Medal but his documents show it was returned, 19 May 1923.  There is no indication of it being issued later, nor is there any explanation offered.  He was not eligible for the 1914-15 Star, (he joined too late), nor the Victory Medal, (he did not enter a theatre of war on duty).  

in 1925 he and his wife were residing at "Raymond", 59 Red Bluff Street, Sandringham.  Cyril was listed as an 'accountant' and Eliza as 'home duties' in the 1924 census.

In December 1925 he was the "officer in charge of the war pensions section".

By December 1927 - Cyril had become Mayor of Sandringham.
He was 39 years of age.

See attached from The Argus Newspaper at the time.

"A by-election was held yesterday to fill a vacancy in the Black Rock ward representation on the Sandringham Council, caused by the death of Councillor W. G. Knott, Cyril George Bartram was elected by a majority of 51 votes. He obtained XXX votes and his opponent William Westfield.

The wife of Cyril - Eliza BARTRAM (nee MURRAY) - died in 1942 aged 51 years.

According to the 1943 census, Cyril was listed as an accountant at 9 Stanhope St, Sandringham.

Cyril George BARTRAM died from Cancer of the Oesophagus on 21st January 1947 and was buried at the Cheltenham Cemetery on 22nd January.

a tree commemorates the 58th Battalion of World War One at The Shrine of Remembrance in St Kilda Road, Melbourne.

the blog posts on Cyril's three brothers are located below:

Arnold Roy BARTRAM

as always, these blog posts are only possible with the generous help and support from the Australian War Memorial, The Australian Defence Force, The National Archives and various family members.


Jan 16, 2015

a very busy project!

Over the past year or so I have been researching and gathering photos and information on the members of my family (including extended family) that served in both World Wars.

My 'goal' has been to document what I can in memory of these men that fought in such horrendous conditions so that we may experience some form of peace today.

The ones I have completed are listed below:

if anyone has any extra data on any of the above, do please let me know.
Leone Fabre

Jan 15, 2015

Reginald Percy Bartram [1880 - 1917]

Reginald Percy BARTRAM 
was born in Richmond, Victoria, Australia in 1880 
to George Andrew BARTRAM and Isabella SHANDS.

Reginald enlisted in the AIF 
on 25 August 1916 at Royal Park.
service # 6955
8th Battalion, 23rd Reinforcement
He embarked from Melbourne on board 
HMAT A20 Hororata on 23 Nov 1916

Reginald Percy Bartram
was killed in action in 
The Battle of Broodseinde at 
Passchendaele, Ypres, Belgium
on Thursday October 4 1917

As a boy, Reginald attended St James Grammar School in Melbourne and his occupation at the time of enlistment was that of a compositor.

He married Lucy Mary BOUGHTON (sometimes spelt as BROUGHTON) on 11 Jan 1905 at the Presbyterian Church in Richmond.

a little about Lucy.....

Lucy was born in December 1881 in Worcestershire, England, her parents being Ellen WYATT and William Blockley BOUGHTON, a surgeon. She married Reginald BARTRAM in 1905 when she was 23 years of age and bore him three sons:

Ernest in 1906, Reginald in 1908 and then William in 1910.

Now at this point I am unsure of why Lucy was admitted to the Mont Park Asylum in 1910 or maybe soon after the birth of William. Perhaps she suffered from Post Natal Depression?

as noted in a letter from Reginald BARTRAM to the Army Base Records in Melbourne on December 6 1916,  she had been at Mont Park for 7 years and there is a query as to where she died in 1964 at Ararat. Was she a patient of the Ararat Asylum too?

We also know that Reginald Bartram placed two of his sons in the Melbourne Orphan Asylum prior to his departure for overseas duty. The youngest child - William - died in 1925 and is buried at the Old Cheltenham Cemetery. I am still doing research on the two older boys, Ernest and Reginald.

According to one letter sent to the War Office in 1918 by Reginald's sister, Evelyn Constance DINGEY (nee BARTRAM) it suggests that she has the care of all three of them.

(as seen in images below)

and later in his Army Records it is noted that he has changed his 'next of kin' to his sister - Evelyn Constance Bartram

It is hard to imagine what these two young boys would have gone through ...... mother in the Asylum and had been for at least 7 years, their paternal grandmother had recently died, their father heading off to war and they were being placed in an orphanage - and to them, unloved and unwanted. So incredibly sad.  Yet the above letter suggests otherwise.

But I do wonder what happened to them and 
where they ended up?

even the memorial notice in the Argus Newspaper in 1919 "suggests" that the three boys were with Evelyn and her husband - William Dingley - at that time.
"dearly loved daddy of Ernest, Reggie and Willie"

In one letter from the AIF to Lucy (wife of Reginald) states the effects of Reginald's being disc, belt, photo case, letters, note book, cards,book of views, badges, testament were dispatched per the Barunga on 20th Jun 1918 in case number 1106.

But sadly, especially for his sons - on 15 Jul 1918 - the Barunga was
hit by a torpedo from a German submarine 150 miles south west of the Scilly Isles and Reginald's personal effects were 'lost at sea'.

The Barunga was on its way to Australia with 800 sick and wounded on board and was torpedoed at 4.30 pm on 15 July 1918.

Destroyers which had been some miles away were quickly on the scene to pick up survivors and returned them to Plymouth. All hands were saved before Barunga subsequently sank.

SS Barunga was formerly the German-Australian liner Sumatra of Hamburg, captured at Sydney, NSW, at the outbreak of war. She was requisitioned by the Australian Government and during the period 1915 -1918 was used to transport troops and or produce in various areas.

OCTOBER 1917....

The battle in which Reginald was killed, was bloody and fierce and many an article can be found on the web of the Battle's of Broodseinde and Passchendaele.

The very day Reginald was killed, the 1st, 2nd and 3rd Australian Divisions captured Broodseinde Ridge on
4 October 1917. 

It was a vital victory. But, then it began to rain. 

Five days later the 2nd Australian Division suffered heavily in a further attack in the mud. Finally, on 12 October, another attack, involving the 3rd Division assisted by the 4th, was made against the village of Passchendaele atop the main ridge. In the face of heavy fire, the men fought in the mire while struggling to keep up with their artillery barrages. Ground was taken but it could not be held. In wretched conditions, with casualties mounting at an appalling rate, the Australians had to fall back. 

The troops were finally exhausted and could do no more; by 15 November they handed over to the Canadians.

image above:
main image is of Reginald Percy Bartram

top right:
Machine gunners of the 4th Australian Division, Garter Point, 

Ypres, Belgium, 27 September 1917.

second from top:
Dead and wounded Australians and Germans 

in the railway cutting on Broodseinde Ridge, 
in the Ypres sector, Belgium, during the battle of Passchendaele.

lower right:
Broodseinde with four German shells exploding near the Australian trenches

The following image is of the Red Cross Missing in Action Cards from members of Reginald's Battalion in the hopes of identifying where he was buried.

*Bartram was killed by a shell which went right through him in Passchendaale.

*I was in the same advance. A shell exploded near casualty, killing him instantly.

*I did not see casualty killed, but I saw his body the same afternoon as I was going for water.

*He was at the Menin Road on 4th October, we attacked at daybreak. Bartram was laying in a shell hole on "no mans land".

above image
 Ieper, West-Vlaanderen, Belgium

 Panel 7 - 17 - 23 - 25 - 27 - 29 - 31

Bartram Reginald Percy
K.I.A Thursday, 4th October 1917
Son of George Andrew and Isabella Bartram;
husband of Lucy M. Bartram.
Native of Richmond, Victoria.

I have often thought that many a youngster when he was hit out there 
on the Passchendaele heights and he knew that the end had come,
must have thought to himself:

“well at least they’ll remember me in Australia”.

C.E.W. Bean

Charles Edwin Woodrow Bean 
(18 November 1879 – 30 August 1968), 
usually identified as C.E.W. Bean
was an Australian schoolmaster, judge's associate, barrister  
journalist, war correspondent and historian.
Bean is renowned as the editor of the 12-volume
Official History of Australia in the War of 1914-1918
. Bean wrote Volumes I to VI
himself, dealing with the 
Australian Imperial Force at Gallipoli, France and Belgium. 
Bean was instrumental in the establishment of the Australian War Memorial
and of the creation and popularisation of the ANZAC legend.

the three BARTRAM brothers were all killed in 1917

Reginald Percy BARTRAM d. 04 Oct 1917 Belgium

click on each of the brothers for the blog posting
and a cousin of "The Bartram Brothers"

- Leslie Norman Krause -
we will remember them

UPDATE: 7th October 2013:
with further research have located some information on the two surviving sons of Reginald Percy BARTRAM.

Ernest George BARTRAM was born in Brunswick in 1906. In May 1921, according to the letter from Evelyn Bartram, Ernie Bartram was 'traveling' at the time the Army wanted to pass on his fathers medals. So perhaps he did not receive his fathers medals.

In the Electoral Rolls of 1937, I located one Ernest George BARTRAM as residing at 64 Union St, Prahran. But this is NOT CONFIRMED as being the same person.

In the Electoral Rolls of 1980, I located one Ernest George BARTRAM as residing at 17 Langston St, Bendigo. But this is NOT CONFIRMED as being the same person.

no further information on Ernest George BARTRAM has come to hand.

Reginald Arthur BARTRAM was born in Brunswick in 1908. I have not had much success in locating any information on him, but on checking the Electoral Rolls of 1937 I see a person by the name of Reginald Arthur BARTRAM residing on his own at 6 Alison Rd, Caulfield West. Then In 1980 a person by this name is residing alone at 8 Laburnum St, Blackburn.

So went back to the 1949 Electoral Roll and see a Reginald Arthur BARTRAM residing with a person by the name of Marcelle Louise BARTRAM.  I checked on this person and note that she was born in Malvern on 26 Aug 1909 and died at Blackburn on 26th April 1974.

There is NO CONFIRMATION that the Reginald Arthur BARTRAM is the same as the one I am looking for.

Admittedly the name BARTRAM is not common, and I doubt there would be anyone else by this name in Victoria, Australia.
But until I can confirm it, will leave it here to be noted only.

with grateful thanks to Robert Matthews for the extra help and guidance!

and to the National Archives and the
Australian War Memorial
for the data that is on their websites that is
invaluable to all genealogists.

UPDATE 22nd July 2014:
Reginald Percy Bartram's name will be projected onto the exterior of the Hall of Memory at the AWM in Canberra on:

  • Thu 14 August, 2014 at 8:07 pm
  • Sat 27 September, 2014 at 10:41 pm
  • Wed 19 November, 2014 at 8:55 pm
  • Tue 13 January, 2015 at 8:39 pm
  • Sat 7 March, 2015 at 12:59 am
  • Wed 22 April, 2015 at 3:47 am
  • Tue 2 June, 2015 at 11:27 pm
  • Fri 10 July, 2015 at 6:04 am

These dates and times are estimates. The actual time of projection could change as a result of weather and other factors, so it is advisable to check closer to the date. In the rare event of a temporary loss of electrical power, the names scheduled for display in that period will not appear until the next time listed.


Raymond Everard BARTRAM (1893 - 1917)

Raymond Everard BARTRAM

born in Richmond, Victoria, Australia in 1893 to 

George Andrew BARTRAM and Isabella SHANDS

George and Isabella were married on 27 August 1878 

in Richmond, Victoria, Australia 

and had seven children.

Ray enlisted on 3rd July 1915 in the 

Australian Imperial Forces (AIF)  and 

embarked Melbourne (Victoria, Australia) with 

8th Reinforcements, 14th Battalion,
service # 2682 aboard the SS Makarini on 15 Sept 1915
The DALITZ Brothers of Horsham and Allan Wesley WALKEDEN from Tasmania also set sail on board the HMAT MAKARINI in September 1915

Just 4 weeks later Ray Bartram became dangerously ill with appendicitis and did not recover until after Christmas in December 1915.

In March 1916 he was given 14 days detention for "pilfering goods at the Abu-Sueur Railway Station".

By July 1916 the 46th Battalion occupied the Front Line at Sailly-le-Sec in France.  By August the Battalion was part of the Battle of Pozieres which was a two week struggle for the village of Pozieres and the ridge on which it stood.

The following month (September 1916) the 46th Battalion made an unsuccessful raid against Hollandscheshuur Farm Salient. The raid consisted 3 Officers and 46 'other ranks'.

Ray was admitted to hospital twice in October 1916 with "septic hands" and rejoined his unit on 27th. This would have been a terrible time for all the men as it was written in the
"Australians on the Western Front 1914 - 1918" re the winter of 1916:

The autumn rains had set in by the time the Australians reached the Somme and the whole battlefield had become a sea of mud. Broken ground, easily traversed in dry weather, was a bog. Trenches and tracks were often impassable. It could take relays of stretcher-bearers many hours to bring in a wounded man, the mud slowing the journey to a kilometre an hour.

Early in December the 46th Battalion was at the "New Carlton Camp" situated near Bazentin, Somme, France, 10 klms behind the front line engaged in road making and from there marched on to Dernancourt where they stayed until early January.

and the following was written in the

"Australians on the Western Front 1914 - 1918"

On 18 November 1916, the Battle of the Somme officially ended and for the remainder of the winter of 1916–17 the Australians garrisoned the line east of Flers. From there they kept pressure on the Germans by means of small attacks and raids. However, the main battle was against mud, rain and frost-bite. 

The front lines were up to twelve kilometres away from good roads so major efforts were made to repair approach roads to allow supplies to be brought forward. As the roads neared the front they became ‘duckboard’ tracks’, the only surface by which it was possible to get across the sea of mud. Supplies of hot food, leather waistcoats, thigh boots, worsted gloves, dry socks gradually reached the front where they made the awful conditions if not better at least bearable. In the rear, however, both the accommodation and comfort for troops in reserve were dramatically improved.

Messines Ridge

 on 8th December 1916
Ray Bartram was promoted to Corporal and on 
26 May 1917 was promoted to Sergeant.

12 days later he was killed in action 

south of Ypres near Wyschaete in Belgium 

along with five of his comrades by a 

high explosive shell on 7th June 1917.

The article on the Battle of Messines 
can be located HERE and in part reads:

It has been argued that the Battle of Messines was the most successful local operation of the war, certainly of the Western Front.  Carried out by General Herbert Plumer's Second Army, it was launched on 7 June 1917 with the detonation of 19 underground mines underneath the German mines.

The target of the offensive was the Messines Ridge, a natural stronghold southeast of Ypres, and a small German salient since late 1914.  The attack was also a precursor to the much larger Third Battle of Ypres, known as Passchendaele, decided upon by the British Commander-in-Chief Sir Douglas Haig following the collapse of the French Nivelle Offensive earlier in May 1917.

General Plumer had begun plans to take the Messines Ridge a year early in early-1916.  Meticulous in manner, Plumer preferred to plan for limited successes rather than gamble all on a significant breakthrough.

The following website has quite a bit on the battle of Messines including some images and is titled:

an unofficial history of the 

Australian & New Zealand Armed Forces.

The attack effectively began on 3rd June when the preliminary bombardment intensified, and was kept up until 0250 hrs on 7th June when Raymond Everard BARTRAM was killed.

he was 23 years of age.

The Argus Friday 7 June 1918

The above is an informal outdoors portrait of three Bartram brothers who have met up whilst on active service, from Richmond, Vic. Identified left to right: 6955 Private (Pte) Reginald Percy Bartram, 37th Battalion; 2304 Pte Arnold Roy Bartram, 60th Battalion; and probably 2682 Sergeant (Sgt) Raymond Everard Bartram, 46th Battalion.

all three brothers were killed in 1917

Arnold Roy BARTRAM - KIA 13 May 1917
Raymond Everard BARTRAM - KIA 07 June 1917
Reginald Percy BARTRAM - KIA 04 Oct 1917

Ray Bartram is buried at the Messines Ridge Cemetery in 
Mesen, West Vlaaderen, Belgium.

The grave of Raymond Bartram at Messines Ridge Cemetery

Blog post on Arnold Roy Bartram has been updated on 
3rd May 2012 and can now be found here.

Reginald Percy Bartram is located here.

and the cousin of "The Bartram Brothers" Leslie Norman Krause  also has a blog post here.

as always, these blog posts are only possible with the generous help and support from the Australian War Memorial, The Australian Defence Force, The National Archives and various family members.

Raymond Everard Bartram's name will be projected onto the exterior of the Hall of Memory at the AWM in Canberra on:

  • Tue 12 August, 2014 at 8:59 pm
  • Thu 25 September, 2014 at 11:33 pm
  • Mon 17 November, 2014 at 3:23 am
  • Sun 11 January, 2015 at 2:07 am
  • Wed 4 March, 2015 at 10:51 pm
  • Mon 20 April, 2015 at 5:59 am
  • Mon 1 June, 2015 at 3:44 am
  • Wed 8 July, 2015 at 9:26 pm

These dates and times are estimates. The actual time of projection could change as a result of weather and other factors, so it is advisable to check closer to the date. In the rare event of a temporary loss of electrical power, the names scheduled for display in that period will not appear until the next time listed.